A pap smear is a test to screen women for cervical cancer and other abnormalities. Cells are collected from the cervix and examined under a microscope. The test is usually conducted as a part of a yearly physical exam.
A pap smear is a test that should be conducted yearly for females over the age of 21. To conduct the test, the doctor uses a device called a speculum to open the vagina to allow the doctor to swab the cervix. For some, the procedure can be uncomfortable and cause some bleeding and cramping after the test. Be sure to tell your doctor if you had abnormal results after your last exam.