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A barrier method is a means of contraception that works by blocking the path of sperm into the uterus. Barrier methods are temporary, nonhormonal, and removeable. They include condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and the sponge.
Barrier method birth control includes condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and the sponge. This method is preferred by many people who do not wish to use hormonal contraception. Some barrier methods (condoms) help prevent the spread of STDs. They are often recommended in conjunction with other forms of birth control.
When using a diaphragm or cervical cap, a spericidal agent is frequently applied into the barrier to further ensure that sperm does not reach the egg. In the case of the sponge, it is coated with spermicide for the same effect.