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Ableism is the discrimination against men and women with emotional, physical, and mental disabilities. It is also alternately called ablecentrism, disability oppression, and handicapism. This social prejudice presumes that able-bodied people are superior to those with disabilities. It looks at being able-bodied as the norm that must be conformed with.
The criminalization of ableism happened only fairly recently. In the United States, it was only in the 1970s when this was made into a crime. Before this, there were several laws that allowed discrimination based on disfigurements and disabilities. These were referred to as the “ugly laws.” In the United Kingdom, codification of anti-ableism laws only happened in 1995.