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Hepatitis C is a virus that affects the liver. It often leads to liver cancer, liver failure, or even gastric and esophageal varices. Researchers estimate that approximately 150-200 million people from all over the world are affected by this virus. Hepatitis C can be treated through medication. However, liver transplants may be required for more advanced cases. There is no vaccine against the virus.
Most Hepatitis C patients do not display any symptoms but some patients can suffer from vomiting, dark urine, fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, fatigue, and abdominal pain. Jaundice can also occur as the illness continues to progress.
As far as transmission is concerned, Hepatitis C can be spread through direct blood-to-blood contact. This is why drug users are considered high-risk. It can also be transmitted from mother to child. While there is no conclusive evidence that the virus can be spread through sexual intercourse, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs recommends the use of condom during vaginal, anal, and oral sex to limit the risk of transmission.