Hymenoplasty is a cosmetic procedure to repair and reconstruct the hymen. Essentially, this surgery restores a woman's physical virginity. Some women undergo this procedure as a gift to a significant other. Other women in Arabic cultures need a certificate of virginity to marry. For some, this surgery is a matter of tradition and social taboos. There are other situations of rape, incest, or other sexual abuse where she may have a hymenoplasty to take back her power and (at least physically) repair the damage that was done.
Hymenoplasty is also known as a hymenorrhaphy.