Race play, or raceplay, is when a dominant and submissive take part in BDSM play that involves role play with racial imagery. In practice, this can mean people of color roleplaying as slaves or people of Jewish heritage roleplaying as prisoners. It is a controversial topic in BDSM circles, as the use of racialized imagery in kink is seen as a way of eroticizing racism and oppression. It has also been noted that because much of the BDSM community is white, race play is largely consumed by white people.
On the other side of the debate, some kinksters argue that this is just another way of playing with taboo and pushing boundaries.