Circus of Books: The Evolution of a Gay Bookstore

Published: JUNE 8, 2022 | Updated: JULY 21, 2022
Every era has special spaces where culture and community come together – after 60 years, Circus of Books continues to evolve.

In West Hollywood, California, before there was the Gay Pride movement, there was Circus of Books. Established in 1960, gay adult bookstore Circus of Books has been there through it all; before the seminal Stonewall riots, through the heyday of the sexual revolution in the 70s and 80s, during the AIDS crisis and the LGBTQ civil rights revolution that followed, and for community advocacy, which has emerged from decades of efforts to establish civil rights, communities and cultural recognition.


“It's not as dramatically or politically or correctly associated with the Stonewall in New York. But it kind of has that – that's kind of its birth,” said Rob Novinger, the current owner of Circus of Books, describing the store’s historic significance.

“It was a place where guys could gather and feel a little bit of connectivity with other people. In those days that was like, super important. So, I liked preserving that and I hated seeing it closing, and I thought that it had a bright future.” Novinger continues.

“It was a place where guys could gather and feel a little bit of connectivity with other people."


The story of the store almost closing was chronicled in 2019 Netflix documentary “Circus of Books,” directed by Rachel Mason, the daughter of former owners Karen and Barry Mason. A nice Jewish couple with three kids, the Masons unlikely careers as adult bookstore owners and (eventually) gay film producers (with their long-defunct company Video 10), is the story of a mom-and-pops business that became the largest distributor of gay adult magazines and films in the U.S.


“They weren’t just places of commerce. They were places of gathering, where people could get together. They were places where people could meet in all the best senses,” said First Amendment attorney John Weston in the documentary.

Weston represented the Masons when they were prosecuted for obscenity (for distributing pornographic videos over state lines) by the federal government in the ‘80s. The Masons survived that ordeal, but almost 30 years later, it was the internet that eventually finished the magazine and video business.

Read: A (Brief) History of Sex on the Internet


There was no social media, no Tinder, no Grindr and no Pornhub – before the internet, there were adult bookstores. That’s where one had to go, to buy sex toys, adult magazines and videos. Adults, mostly men, used to pay for porn and it was very expensive. In the 70s and 80s – for those willing to take significant legal risks – porn was a profitable business to be in.

Circus of Books specialized in hard-to-find gay content from the beginning, like a handful of bookstores located in big cities where LGBTQ communities had emerged – West Hollywood, San Francisco, Chicago and New York. If you lived in a small rural town and wanted to view “gay material,” you might be so lucky to find a store like Circus of Books, which would do mail orders for trusted customers.

Before the mid-2000s, most adult products were produced primarily to appeal to heteronormative ideals. Much of the porn available catered only to that specific market and finding anything outside of that was difficult. Very different compared to today, when anyone can go online and Google the search term “space alien sex” to come up with 46.8 million references for what is a somewhat obscure and uncommon sexual niche. Now, lots of e-commerce sites offer whole galaxies of sex gear, to satisfy the most diverse fetishes for adventurous ass-tronauts, so to speak.


Read: The Alien Dildo That Can Lay Eggs Inside You (if You're Into That)

“The past will never come back and unless you’re willing to invest in the future, there’s no use even trying to exist anymore,” said former employee Ben Liefke in the documentary, on his last day at the store. In the next scene, Karen Mason talks about how hard it is to let go of loyal employees, as she carries boxes of old magazines and video discs to the dumpster.

It isn’t mentioned in the movie, but Novinger had already been waiting for months, for the Masons to finally agree to sell. They closed the deal and then the pandemic hit, which allowed plenty of time for Novinger to work on rebranding.


“The biggest difference is now we cater to women,” he mused. “We bring in the cool girls vibrators, all the name brands, and try not to stick with the typical old-school, you know, brands that we all know – to make it like at least enticing to them, but it has been a challenge to get women to realize that they're also welcome there.”

Another big difference – the forbidden feeling of dusty, stacked bookshelves and dark, hidden corners in the old, windowless Circus of Books is gone. The storefront has transformed into a riot of bright, circus colors, pink and orange, with neon signage and glam product displays.

Silver mannequins in pro-choice T-shirts, pussy hats, and platform bondage boots stand with their arms outstretched in big picture windows, facing Santa Monica Boulevard. Another window has a “Say Gay!” promotion with fun, summer style apparel and accessories. Of course, in dog-centric West Hollywood, there’s a silver dog mannequin in a pink T-shirt and rainbow bandana.

Read: Florida's "Don't Say Gay" Bill

There’s fun stickers and postcards, coffee table books, and a black and red bondage bed suspended from the ceiling. Rainbow curtains have been hung for Pride weekend in early June.

There’s still plenty of “gay” stuff, too, including a big slatwall display of toys and BDSM gear from legendary video director and drag star Chi Chi LaRue’s signature brand. Novinger has been a longtime business partner with LaRue at gay adult video production company C1 Releasing. In 2009, they opened Chi Chi LaRue’s adult shop in West Hollywood’s Boystown, which has recently been rebranded as Circus of Books West.

Inventory at both stores has expanded to include fine art and home décor items, like penis-shaped candles and Tom of Finland-designed throw pillows. Art galleries at both locations feature LGBTQ artists and erotic-themed artworks that might have difficulty being displayed in conventional venues. The gallery displays have been popular with customers and curious visitors, Novinger said. In a current exhibit by artist Samuel Hatmaker, pixelated portraits of Madonna and RuPaul hang on the wall alongside explicit nudes, all fashioned out of LEGOS. Hatmaker exhibited at Art Basel 2021 and was a finalist on FOX’s “LEGO Masters.”

In another post-pandemic turn of events, the city of West Hollywood hosted its inaugural
WeHo Pride Parade and Outloud Music Festival on June 3-5. The Los Angeles Pride Fest, hosted in West Hollywood since 1970, has relocated to Los Angeles State Historic Park, near Chinatown and Downtown LA, and is scheduled for the following weekend on June 11-12.

Read: Here's How to Be an Ally at Pride (and All Year Long)

Novinger said the store is expecting a big, more diverse crowd for Pride, especially since in-person events have resumed, pandemic protocols have relaxed, and summer travel seems likely to increase. Circus of Books is still standing, a storefront social networking platform and a hub for porn, where all are welcome.

As Novinger says “It's an all-inclusive place where everybody can come and shop. Yeah, it's gay, girls – it's whatever, you know? Straight guys aren't going to necessarily be that in tune with it. But like, you know, they are certainly welcome and they're certainly going to be things for them, too!”

Joanne Cachapero

Joanne Cachapero is a freelance writer with a diverse background and expertise in cannabis and the adult entertainment industries. She and her dog Jackson are based in West Hollywood, CA. Her work has appeared in Vision Magazine, SD City Beat, Playgirl, NY Arts Magazine, XBIZ Magazine, MG Magazine, CBD Today, and others.

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