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The speculum is a medical tool used to examine body orifices (such as the vagina) by allowing entry into the body cavity. The most commonly used speculum is used during women's gynecology exams. This tool makes it easier to open up the vagina and allows gynecologists to take a pap smear sample and to examine the vaginal wall and cervix. Most speculums are now made of plastic and are designed for one-time, disposable use.
The speculum was a crucial medical invention that enabled doctors to open up the vagina for examination. Before its invention, medical professionals rarely ever looked at a woman's genital region when she was having problems in the area due to the societal norms at the time. The speculum helped transform women's health and examinations.