Gender and sexual minorities is an umbrella term for people who are not heterosexual or cisgender. This term is commonly used in formal areas, such as the medical, educational, and legal fields. It is a more inclusive alternative to LGBTQ+ because it does not exclude people who do not identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer or questioning. GSM includes all these identities as well as pansexual, genderqueer, gender fluid, and many others.
Gender and sexual minorities is sometimes shortened to the acronym GSM.