Updated: SEPTEMBER 30, 2015
A surgical abortion is a medical procedure that terminates an unwanted pregnancy. During the procedure the fetus and placenta are removed from the patient's uterus. The process involves dilating the cervix to allow for a small suction tube to be placed into the uterus. That tube safely removes the materials related to the pregnancy from the uterus.
More About Surgical Abortion
Surgical abortion is considered a very safe medical procedure, but it does carry some risks. Among them are allergic reaction, blood clots, incomplete abortion, failed abortion, injury to the cervix, undetected ectopic pregnancy, and very heavy bleeding.
These complications are typically easily resolved.
While the procedure carries risks, to keep those risks in perspective it's worth noting that the risk of patient death during child birth is 11 times higher than the risk of death during an abortion performed during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.